Linux is probably the best known of free and open source software collaborations. Effectively a “free” operating systems with features which rival and often exceed its main competition “Microsoft Windows.”

The source code for Linux can be used, freely modified, and redistributed, both commercially and non-commercially, by anyone under licenses such as the GNU General Public License.

Linux provides a series of desktop operating systems the best known of which are probably Ubuntu and Fedora. These operating systems, (OSes) can be had at either free or very low cost depending on how much of the work you are prepared to do yourself.

Because Linux is freely redistributable, it is possible for anyone to create a distribution for any intended use and specialist versions of the software exist all over the world. Commonly used applications with desktop Linux systems include the Mozilla Firefox web-browser, the office application suite and the GIMP image editor.

The name “Linux” comes from the Linux kernel, originally written in 1991 by Linus Torvalds. The main supporting user space system tools and libraries from the GNU Project (announced in 1983 by Richard Stallman) are the basis for the Free Software Foundation’s preferred name GNU/Linux.

For more information on Linux and how to order CDs and DVD’s from Wanderjahre Computing, just see any of the articles below. 

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